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Method

 

Companion Planting

 

Seed Saving

Amaranth   Sow Seed   LIKESCucumber, Corn, Runner Bean, Tomato, Potato, CapsicumChilli, Eggplant, Pea, Marigold    DISLIKES:  Saffron  


Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other amaranth; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
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ANCIENT GRAINS            
- Amaranth   Sow Seed   LIKESCucumber, Corn, Runner Bean, Tomato, Potato, Capsicum, ChilliEggplant, Pea, Marigold    DISLIKES:  Saffron  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other amaranth; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Beluga Lentil   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Cucumber, Potato, Summer Savory
DISLIKES:
Onion, Garlic 

 
  Insect Pollinated
 - Chia  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   Insect Pollinated
- Red Lentil   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Cucumber, Potato, Summer Savory
DISLIKES:
Onion, Garlic 

 
  Insect Pollinated
Bean, Bush   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Beetroot, Borage, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Marigold, Squash, Pumpkin, Strawberry, Corn, Tomato, Potato, Cucumber, Savoury Summer    DISLIKESChives, Fennel, Garlic, Leek, Onion, Gladiolus, Dill
 
  Self-Pollinating; but to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 2m apart.  
Bean, Climbing   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Beetroot, Borage, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Marigold, Squash, Pumpkin, Strawberry, Corn, Tomato, Potato, Cucumber, Savoury Summer    DISLIKESChives, Fennel, Garlic, Leek, Onion, Gladiolus, Dill 
    
  Self-Pollinating; but to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 2m apart.
Bean, Runner   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Beetroot, Borage, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Marigold, Squash, Pumpkin, Strawberry, Corn, Tomato    DISLIKES: Chives, Fennel, Garlic, Leek, Dill
 
  Self-Pollinating & Insect Pollinated.  Grow varieties at least 800m apart.
Beetroot   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bush Bean, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Silverbeet    DISLIKES: Climbing Bean, Tomato, Dill  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other beetroot, silverbeet, sugar beet & fodder beets; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 250-500m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Burdock   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Bean, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn    DISLIKES:  Potato
 
  Insect Pollinated
Capsicum   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Basil, Carrot, Onion, Oregano 
DISLIKESFennel, Kohl Rabi 
 
Self / Cross-Pollinating; While mainly self-pollinating, crossing by insects does occur; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 150m apart.
 
Carrot   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Bean, Leek, Onion, Pea, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn, Rosemary, Sage, Tomato, Wormwood, Chives, Cucumber, Lettuce    DISLIKES: Potato, Dill, & being stored with apples
 
  Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other carrot varieties & Queen Ann‘s Lace (weed); to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 500m apart.
Celeriac   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Bush Bean, Cabbage, Leek, Onion, Tomato, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other varieties of celeriac & celery; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 500m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Celery   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Bush Bean, Cabbage, Leek, Onion, Tomato, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other varieties of celery & celeriac; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 500m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Chilli   Sow Seed  

LIKES: Basil, Carrot, Lovage, Marjoram, Onion, Oregano   DISLIKESFennel, Kohl Rabi  

 
Self / Cross-Pollinating; While mainly self-pollinating, crossing by insects does occur.  Chance of crossing with other varieties; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 150m apart.  Self / Insect Pollinated.
 
CHINESE / ASIAN VEGETABLES            
- Amaranth   Sow Seed   LIKESCucumber, Corn, Runner Bean, Tomato, Potato, Capsicum, Chilli, Eggplant, Pea, Marigold    DISLIKES:  Saffron  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other amaranth; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Bitter Melon   Sow Seed  
LIKESCoriander, Beetroot
  n.a.
Corn   Sow Seed   LIKES: Pumpkin, Squash, ZucchiniLettuce  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other corn varieties; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 2klm apart.  Insect & Wind Pollinated
 
Cucumber   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Broccoli, Celery, Chinese Cabbage, Lettuce, Pea, Radish, Tomato, Corn, Sunflower     DISLIKES: Rue, Sage, Potato & Aromatic Herbs   
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other cucumber varieties; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 500m apart - or hand-pollinate flowers.  Insect Pollinated
 
EDIBLE FLOWERS & FLOWERS            
- Borage   Sow Seed  
LIKESTomato, Strawberry, Squash, Zucchini, Pumpkin
 
  Insect Pollinated
- Butterfly Pea  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.    Insect Pollinated
- Calendula   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Potato           
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of calendula.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Dianthus   Sow Seed   n.a.  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of dianthus.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Sunflower   Sow Seed   LIKESSquash, Cucumber, Zucchini, Pumpkin    DISLIKES:  Potato  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other sunflower varieties.  Insect Pollinated
 
Eggplant   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Pea, Tarragon, Thyme  
Self / Cross-Pollinating; mainly self-pollinating but will occasionally cross with other eggplant varieties; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 10m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
FRUIT / TREES            
- Cape Gooseberry   Sow Seed  
LIKESYarrow, Pine & Oak Trees
 
  Insect Pollinated
- Carob  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   Insect Pollinated
- Rosella  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   Insect Pollinated
Gourd   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn    DISLIKES: Potato  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other gourd varieties; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
GREEN MANURE / FIELD CROP            
- Amaranth   Sow Seed  
Used for food, fodder & as a green manure crop.  Beneficial for adding bulk organic matter to the soil.
 
- Ancient Grain Carbon Crop  
Sow Seed
 
  Attracts predator insects to the garden
- Beneficial Insect Blend   Sow Seed  
Extremely useful for increasing pollination in both orchards & vegetable gardens.  
 
- Buckwheat   Sow Seed  
Useful for adding both nutrients & carbon to the soil.  Also useful for attracting beneficial insects, including bees to aid in pollination.  
 
- Butterfly Pea   Sow Seed  
An attractive way to encourage butterflies into the garden
 
- Fenugreek   Sow Seed  
Used as green manure crop adding nitrogen, phosphorus & organic matter back into the soil.  Excellent for loosening heavy, clay soils & controlling weeds.  
 
- Fodder Beet  
Sow Seed
 
  Traditionally widely used across Europe as cattle feed
- Green Manure (Spring / Summer)   Sow Seed  
Used as a green manure crop, plants are best dug back into the soil when the leaves are still fresh & green after approx. 8 weeks after planting
 
- Lab Lab Bean   Sow Seed  
Due to its deep root system down to 2m it is capable of extracting a wide range of nutrients & is useful for breaking up hard, compacted soils. As a green manure crop it is useful in fixing nitrogen & adding organic matter back into the soil. 
 
- Millet  
Sow Seed
 
  Commonly used as a soil conditioner for a wide range of soils.  
- Mustard   Sow Seed  
Used as green manure crop in controlling nematodes & fungal diseases such as fusarium & verticillium, as well as adding organic matter to the soil.  
 
- Sunflower   Sow Seed  
An attractive way to supplement your chooks diet. Simply select a plot, broadcast seed, allow to grow & harvest seed heads placing directly into pen or hanging indoors.  A welcome & nutritious treat!
 
- Turnip   Sow Seed  
Used in cooking with excellent flavour, as fodder crop or for green manure.  When left to mature also attracts bees, butterflies & other beneficial insects to the garden.  
 
HERB            
- Basil   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Apricot, Asparagus, Cucumber, Fennel, Tomato    DISLIKES: Rue  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of basil; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 50m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Bergamot  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   n.a.
- Black Cumin   Sow Seed  
Flowers attract beneficial insects esp. parasitic wasps & predatory flies, which then will hunt insect pests on nearby crops.  LIKES:  all Brassicas incl. Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohl Rabi, Turnip, Swede, Beetroot, Cucumber, Potato 
 
  Cross-Pollinating.  Insect Pollinated
- Borage   Sow Seed  
LIKESTomato, Strawberry, Squash, Zucchini, Pumpkin
 
  Insect Pollinated
- Chamomile   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Cucumber, Mint, Onion
 
  n.a.
- Chives   Sow Seed   LIKES: Carrot, Grape, Parsley, Tomato
DISLIKESBean, Pea
 
Cross-Pollinating; will not cross with other onion varieties.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Echinacea  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   n.a.
- Hyssop  
Sow Seed
 
  LIKES:  Grape    n.a.
- Marjoram   Sow Seed   LIKES: All plants in general  
Cross-Pollinating.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Oregano   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Cabbage, Cucumber, All plants in general
 
  Cross-Pollinating.  Insect Pollinated
- Parsley   Sow Seed   LIKES: Asparagus, Carrot, Chive, Tomato, Roses    DISLIKES: Mint  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of parsley; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 500m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Red Clover   Sow Seed   LIKESOats  
Cross Pollinated.  Insect Pollinated.  
 
- Sage   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Cabbage, Carrots, Marjoram, Strawberry, Tomato    DISLIKES: Cucumber, Rue
 
  Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of sage.  Insect Pollinated
- Tarragon  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.    Insect Pollinated
- Yarrow   Sow Seed  
Attracts pollinating bees and beneficial aphid-eating insects into the garden.
LIKES:  All Brassicas incl.
Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohl Rabi, Turnip, Swede, Tomato, Honeydew, Rockmelon, Watermelon, Eggplant, Bean, Spinach.

 
  Insect Pollinated.
Honeydew   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Radish, Corn, Peanut, Sunflower  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of rockmelon, honeydew, & Armenian cucumber; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Kohl Rabi   Sow Seed   LIKES: Beetroot, Onion   DISLIKESBean, CapsicumChilli, Tomato  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 1000m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Leek   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Carrot, Celeriac, Celery, Onion      
DISLIKESBroad Beans, Broccoli
 
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other leeks, but not other Alliums. To ensure purity, separate varieties by at least 1000m. Insect pollinated.
 
Leek - Perennial (Live Plant)   Plant   LIKES: Carrot, Celeriac, Celery, Onion      
DISLIKESBroad Beans, Broccoli
 
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other leeks, but not other Alliums. To ensure purity, separate varieties by at least 1000m. Insect pollinated.
 
Lettuce   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrots, Cherry, Chervil, Cucumber, Onions, Parsnip, Pea, Radish   DISLIKESParsley  
Self-Pollinating; will not cross with other varieties, however, to prevent minimal (1-6%), natural cross pollination, separate lettuce varieties by 2-3m, or with a tall 2-3m high barrier.  
 
Luffa   Plant out seedlings   n.a.  
Cross-Pollinating.  Insect Pollinated
 
Marrow   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Beans, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of marrow, zucchini, squash & pumpkin with the species ‘pepo‘; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.
Insect Pollinated

 
Mustard Green   Sow Seed   LIKES: Fruit Trees (to assist growth)  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with Chinese Mustard & other mustards; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.
Insect Pollinated

 
Okra   Plant out seedlings   LIKESCucumber, Capsicum, Chilli, Eggplant, Honeydew, Rockmelon, Watermelon  
Self-Pollinating; will not cross with other varieties; however may experience very minimal insect cross pollination, so to ensure absolute purity, grow varieties at least 30m apart.
 
Parsnip   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Leek, Onion, Pea, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Tomato    DISLIKES: Dill  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other parsnip varieties as well as wild parsnip; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 500m apart.  Insect pollinated.
 
Pumpkin   Sow Seed   LIKES: Bean, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn    DISLIKES: Potato  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of pumpkin with the same species. eg. ‘maxima' or 'pepo'; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart or pollinate by hand.  Insect Pollinated
 
Radish   Sow Seed   LIKES: Peas, Lettuce, Beans, Carrots, Kohl Rabi, Parsnip, Onion, Mustard, Nasturtium, Cucumber, Spinach - attracts leaf miner away from Spinach    DISLIKES: Grape, Hyssop  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of radish & wild radish; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 1000m apart. Insect Pollinated
 
Rhubarb (seed)   Sow Seed   LIKESOnion, Garlic, Cabbage, Kale, Broccoli, Turnip, Cauliflower  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of rhubarb.   Insect Pollinated
 
Rockmelon   Plant out seedlings   LIKESCorn, Peanut, Sunflower, Radish  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of rockmelon, honeydew, & Armenian cucumber; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
SALAD GREENS            
- Amaranth   Sow Seed   LIKESCucumber, Corn, Runner Bean, Tomato, Potato, Capsicum, Chilli, Eggplant, Pea, Marigold    DISLIKES:  Saffron  
Cross-Pollinating; will easily cross with other amaranth; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated.
 
- Marshmallow  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   n.a.
- Mesclun   Sow Seed  
LIKES: Bean, Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrots, Cherry, Chervil, Cucumber, Onions, Parsnip, Pea, Radish  
 
  n.a.
- Minutina  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   n.a.
- Mizuna   Sow Seed  

LIKES: Beans, Celery, Coriander, Cucumber, Onion, Pea, Potato, Tomato    
DISLIKESStrawberry  

 
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with chinese mustard & mibuna; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
- Nasturtium   Sow Seed  
Useful as a trap crop for aphids.  LIKESBroccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Squash, Pumpkin, Zucchini, Marrow, Kale, Kohl Rabi, Radish, Tomato, Potato
 
  Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other nasturtium varieties; grow only one variety at a time.  Insect Pollinated
- Perilla (Shiso)  
Sow Seed
 
  n.a.   n.a.
- Rocket   Sow Seed  
LIKES Bush Bean, Beetroot, Celery, Cucumber, Dill, Lettuce, Mint, Nasturtium, Onion, Potato, Rosemary, Spinach, Thyme.    DISLIKESStrawberry
 
  Cross-Pollinating.  Will cross with other varieties of rocket.  Insect Pollinated
- Sorrel   Sow Seed   LIKESStrawberry, Cabbage, Tomato  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other sorrel varieties.    Insect pollinated.
 
- Watercress   Sow Seed   n.a.  
Self-Pollinating; will not cross with other varieties.  
 
Silverbeet   Sow Seed   LIKESBeetroot, Cherry, Fruit Trees, Lavender, Lovage, Marjoram, Mulberry, Onions  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross easily with other silverbeet & beetroot.  Wind & Insect Pollinated
 
Squash   Plant out seedlings   LIKESRadish, Corn, Peas, Bean, Pumpkin, Marigold, Nasturtium, Zucchini  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of squash, zucchini & pumpkin with the species ‘pepo‘; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Tomatillo   Plant out seedlings  
LIKES: Parsley, Asparagus, Basil, Cabbage, Carrot, Onion, Pea, Sage    DISLIKES: Fennel, Potato, Dill
 
  Self-Pollinating; will not cross with other varieties.
Tomato   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Parsley, Asparagus, Basil, Cabbage, Carrot, Onion, Pea, Sage, Marigold, Chive, Broccoli    DISLIKES: Kohl Rabi    
Self-Pollinating; will not cross with other varieties; however to avoid minimal natural cross-pollination in older varieties, grow in blocks harvesting centre fruit, or with a tall growing plant between (eg. climbing bean).
 
Turnip   Sow Seed   LIKES: Pea, Lettuce, Cucumber, Nasturtium  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other turnip varieties, including fodder turnip & winter rape; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 1000m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Watermelon   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Corn, Peanut, Sunflower, Radish  
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other watermelons, pie melons & citron melons; to ensure purity grow varieties at least 500m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
Zucchini   Plant out seedlings   LIKES: Beans, Mint, Nasturtium, Radish, Corn    
Cross-Pollinating; will cross with other varieties of zucchini, squash & pumpkin with the species ‘pepo‘; to ensure purity, grow varieties at least 400m apart.  Insect Pollinated
 
 
 

MONTHLY TO DO LIST - December

  • Start mulching heavily
  • Water deeply especially during dry periods
  • Clean up yard and remove any rubbish in bushfire prone areas; also clean out gutters and cut back overgrown branches near house
  • Liquid fertilise vegetables every fortnight
  • Prune tomato side shoots and stake climbing varieties
  • Hand pollinate pumpkins if fruit is not setting
  • Thin out beetroot, carrot, lettuce and parsnip seedlings
  • Take semi-hardwood cuttings and plant out
  • Identify pear and cherry slug on fruit trees and spray